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#internet #multimedia #tecnologia TEDTalks: Jonathan Zittrain – A Web como atos aleatórios de gentileza

http://www.ted.com – 

Todas as TedTalks são distribuídas com a seguinte licença CreativeCommons http://bit.ly/9kP45T

“Você sente que o mundo está se tornando menos amigável? O teórico social Jonathan Zittrain quer provar diferente. A Internet, ele sugere, é feita de milhões de atos desinteressados de gentileza, curiosidade e confiança.”

#education #media #socialskills Good Education

Good Education
“Education is what remains after one has forgotten everything he learned in school.” (Albert Einstein).

Today’s schools do not engage in real, substantive edification. Instead, schools today provide children with the tools needed for college admittance, while forcing them to memorize mammoth amounts of material. The greatly needed and desired edification that our educational systems once promised is almost completely nonexistent.

The essence of edification demands of us to teach a child how to be truly human, how to cope with life, how to succeed, and most importantly, how to be truly happy. The largest national student survey, “What Students think,” published November 2008 by the American research company, Pearson, and the Quagila Institute, determined that only a third of the students in the United States think that lessons from school help them understand their daily lives better.

Perhaps this is why children do not relate well to what they learn at school, and go to school hoping more for the end of the school day, rather than eagerly anticipating the next new learning adventure. As is the way with children, they are far more developed than the previous generations. Our children today are living and breathing the global world, while we try to force them into the frame of mind that prevailed in our past generation’s world of separatism.

Rather than continuing this compulsion to preserve decayed educational models, our educational systems must shift course in order to help children acquire the social skills needed to overcome the alienation, suspicion, and mistrust that abound in today’s society.

This does not mean that we should cease providing children with necessary knowledge, but what it does mean is that the lessons must become a part of a complete program whose goal is to help children understand how to use knowledge to their benefit once they leave the classroom.

For example: To make a subject like biology most applicable to today’s integral world, we can use it to illustrate and explain the interdependence among cells in an organism or in any other natural system, then link these natural systems to today’s human society and compare the knowledge gained from Nature to societal constructs in our world. In a subject like history, we can show how the human ego is positively prompting us toward great achievements and the development of exciting technologies, and yet through man’s misuse of the ego, it is the cause of the wars and tragedies that have befallen us through history.

Through the topic of geography we can discuss globalization and present the intricate and expansive ties among the countries. By presenting subjects such as these in ways that clearly demonstrate our globalized world, children will easily understand that we are all completely interdependent, and that this interdependence is a positive evolutionary result flowing directly from the laws of Nature. Regarding the popular topic of sports, we can utilize the concepts found in team games to provide children with profound understanding through the advantages of cooperation and teamwork, further illustrating the fun and positive aspects of our mutual interdependence.

Alongside these measures, I suggest adding to the school curricula several hours a week revolving around the topic that interests the students most: themselves. This will include answering common questions such as “Why do I need to go to school?” This will help to explain the child’s emotional structure—the source of their cravings and the impulses that arise in them. We need to teach them how to overcome the ego that exists in everyone and separates us, and we need to dedicate a significant amount of time for focused engagement on the children themselves.

Clearly, this entire process must include ample games, video clips, and all types of examples. Additionally, it must match the intellectual level and pace of 21st century children. Aside from the ordinary subjects, schools should include practical training in the subjects that truly interest children: Internet, music, photography, cinema, writing, graphics, etc.

One Family

Yet still, there is something far more fundamental that needs to be changed in the today’s education system. Currently, the system encourages students to succeed alone and to compete against others. This methodology causes students to not only want to succeed, but inevitably makes them want their peers to fail. This approach, rooted in them since childhood, is directly responsible for (among other things) the financial crisis we are currently experiencing, and will accompany them for the rest of their lives.

To raise a generation with a mode of conduct that matches the integral systems of Nature, the classroom must be turned into a mini-society, where each student feels and understands his or her profit from contributing to the success of the entire society (i.e. the class). A class will be given collective grades and exercises, and each of the students will be allowed to contribute to the grade in the area that best suits the student’s natural skills and budding self-expression. Thus, students will recognize and feel that they have a special role and duty in the overall success. The class will become a small family where everyone feels naturally connected and interdependent.

The wisdom of the educator lies in the ability to turn the class into a society of children that continually affects each of its members positively, while the educator remains “in the background” as a guide. Such an approach to education will make the educator far more significant in the eyes of the children, not through control or dominance, but because of the wisdom and life-skills that he or she provides them, making the true edification of the children come into reality.

#internet #web #education Internet—the Engine of Change

Internetthe Engine of ChangeFor years, we were passive, watching and listening to whatever was broadcast and reading whatever was written in newspapers and magazines. And by and large, we were unable to affect the world around us. Then came the World Wide Web and changed our world. The Internet revolutionized all media when it introduced interactivity.

The Internet has created the ideal platform to connect the whole of humanity into a single network. The number of Internet users world wide is already in the billions. It is only a matter of time before the Internet becomes more ubiquitous than TV. As many global events have recently demonstrated, the Internet has become a potent player in society, capable of instigating, if not initiating revolutions.

Today, the mass of Internet users can do almost anything, from causing the rise and fall of pop stars, to the rise and fall of despots. Thanks to the Internet, social and cultural processes such as the recent revolution in the Arab world are accelerated and widely publicized. The Internet allows us to start a global hugging campaign, avenge fraudulent companies, promote anti-establishment films, and facilitate the people’s election of new presidents.

With a mere click of a mouse, we can be anywhere in the world and communicate with almost any person on the globe.

The Future Is Here

Indeed, the World Wide Web has become an instrument that allows for the promotion of ideas, an open arena for discussion, and a place that can motivate people into action. Because of all this, the Internet can serve as a common infrastructure that facilitates our emergence from the multidimensional crisis we are now experiencing. Unlike previous crises, this crisis comes alongside a vastly developed communication network, which penetrates almost every home that has power, and in which billions of communication messages are exchanged daily.

Thus, precisely because of the crisis and the transformations taking place in today’s communication era, the Internet has evolved into being a key system as we enter into and maneuver through our new world. We must use the web to nurture ideas that connect people, to work on strengthening our ties, to share information, and to create virtual support systems.

The only obstacle preventing humanity from achieving this much needed consideration of others and of Nature is our own separatism. Currently, we are attempting to resolve the crisis by dealing with the symptoms rather than with the cause. We are exerting mammoth amounts of energy and resources trying to do things like eliminate poverty, promote human rights and democracy, prevent the planet’s ecological collapse, prevent exploitation, and fight corruption. While these are all worthy causes, we will not resolve any of them before we resolve the root issue of the human egocentrism that causes them.

We could induce a global change in all realms of life, but for this we need a place, an arena where speech is free, global, and accessible to all; and the Internet is precisely that arena. In it, we can and should establish creative and pluralistic discussion regarding the ways to create a new financial and ecological order that is both fair and considerate to all, yet also allows for personal initiatives to flourish to everyone’s benefit.

The technology to bring everyone together exists today. As soon as we unite everyone around this idea we will be able to promote ideas of cooperation and mutual reciprocity, and generate the necessary positive global change very quickly.

Toward a Deeper Connection

In a lecture titled, “The Anthropology of YouTube,” at the Library of Congress on June 23, 2008, Prof. Michael Wesch, a senior anthropologist from Kansas University, demonstrated the new need that he was detecting on the web: “We’re becoming increasingly individual,” he said, “But many of us have a very strong value and desire for community. So the more individual we become, the more we long for this community.”Barry Wellman, director of NetLabs and a professor of Sociology at the University of Toronto, explained that we are experiencing “networked individualism.” Wesch believes that this need reflects a longing for a cultural value that is fundamentally lacking in our lives—bonding.

The friction between our growing egos, which strive to detach us from one another, and the direction of our development toward becoming a global family, can yield a better and more sustainable connection between us. We can rise above the barriers that separate us—race, culture, sex, language, and religion—and without denying our indigenous uniqueness, find a deeper point of connection that does actually exist beneath our superficial differences.

#tecnologia #educacao #mundo Internet — o Motor da Mudança

Internetthe Engine of ChangeDurante anos, fomos passivos, observando e escutando o que quer que tenha sido transmitido e lendo o que quer que tenha sido escrito nos jornais e revistas. E, de modo geral, fomos incapazes de afetar o mundo ao nosso redor. Então veio a World Wide Web e mudou o nosso mundo. A Internet revolucionou todos as medias quando introduziu a interatividade.

A Internet criou a plataforma ideal para conectar a humanidade inteira numa única rede. O número de usuários da Internet pelo mundo inteiro já está nos bilhões. É apenas uma questão de tempo antes da Internet se tornar mais onipresente que a TV. Como muitos acontecimentos globais recentemente demonstraram, a Internet tornou-se um potente ator na sociedade, capaz de instigar, se não iniciar revoluções.

Hoje, a massa de usuários de Internet pode fazer quase tudo, de causar a ascenção e queda de estrelas pop, à ascensão e queda de déspotas. Graças à Internet, processos sociais e culturais tais como a recente revolução no mundo Árabe são acelerados e vastamente tornados públicos. A Internet permite-nos iniciar uma campanha global de abraços, vingar empresas fraudulentas, promover filmes anti-sistema, e facilitar a eleição popular de novos presidentes.

Com um mero clique de mouse, podemos estar em qualquer lugar no mundo e comunicar com praticamente qualquer pessoa no globo.

O Futuro Está Aqui

Certamente, a World Wide Web tornou-se um instrumento que permite a promoção de idéias, uma arena aberta para discussão, e um lugar que pode motivar as pessoas para a ação. Devido a tudo isto, a Internet pode servir como uma infra-estrutura comum que facilita a nossa emersão da crise multidimensional que estamos agora experimentando. Ao contrário das crises anteriores, esta crise vem juntamente com uma rede de comunicações vastamente desenvolvida, que penetra quase toda a casa que tem energia, e na qual bilhões de mensagens de comunicação são trocadas diariamente.

Logo, precisamente devido à crise e as transformações tomando lugar na era da comunicação de hoje, a Internet evoluiu para ser um sistema chave onde entramos e manobramos pelo nosso novo mundo.Podemos usar a web para nutrir ideias que conectam pessoas, para trabalhar em fortalecer os nossos laços, para partilhar informação, e para criar sistemas de apoio virtuais.

O único obstáculo impedindo a humanidade de alcançar esta tão necessária consideração dos outros e da Natureza é o nosso separatismo. Presentemente, estamos tentando resolver a crise lidando com os sintomas em vez de lidar com a causa. Estamos a exercer gigantescas quantidades de energia tentando fazer coisas como eliminar a pobreza, promover direitos humanos e democracia, prevenir o colapso ecológico do planeta, prevenir a exploração, e lutar com a corrupção. Embora todas estas sejam causas dignas, não solucionaremos qualquer uma delas antes de solucionarmos o assunto raiz do egocentrismo humano que as causa.

Poderíamos induzir uma mudança global em todos os setores da vida, mas para isto precisamos de um lugar, uma arena onde o discurso é livre, global, e acessível a todos; e a Internet é precisamente essa arena. Nela, podemos e devemos estabelecer uma discussão pluralista a respeito das maneiras de criar um sistema financeiro e ordem ecológica que é tanto justa como leva em consideração todos, porém, também permite iniciativas pessoais que floreçam para o benefício de todos.

A tecnologia de trazer todos juntos existe hoje. Assim que unamos cada um ao redor desta idéia seremos capazes de promover ideias de cooperação e reciprocidade e gerar a necessária mudança global muito rapidamente.

Em Direcção a Uma Conexão Mais Profunda

Numa palestra intitulada, “ A Antropologia do YouTube ”, na Biblioteca do Congresso em 23 de Junho, 2008, o Prof. Michael Wesch, um antropólogo senior da Universidade do Kansas, demonstrou a nova necessidade que ele detetou na web: “Estamos nos tornando cada vez mais individuais,” ele disse, “Mas muitos de nós temos um apreço e um desejo muito forte por comunidade. Então quanto mais individuais nos tornamos, mais sentimos falta desta comunidade.” Barry Wellman , diretor da NetLabs e um professor de Sociologia na Universidade de Toronto, explicou que estamos vivenciando o “inidivualismo das redes.” Wesch crê que esta necessidade reflete um desejo por um valor cultural que está fundamentalmente em falta nas nossas vidas – união.

A fricção entre os nossos crescentes egos, que almejam nos separar uns dos outros, e a direção do nosso desenvolvimento para nos tornarmos uma família global, podem render uma conexão melhor e mais sustentável entre nós. Podemos elevar-nos acima das barreiras que nos separam, raça, cultura, sexo, língua, e a religião e, sem negar a nossa singularidade natural, acharmos um ponto de conexão que exista na realidade por baixo das nossas diferenças superficiais.

TEDTalks: Howard Rheingold – O Novo Poder da Colaboração

http://www.ted.com – 

Todas as TedTalks são distribuídas com a seguinte licença CreativeCommons http://bit.ly/9kP45T

«Howard Rheingold fala sobre a chegada do mundo colaborativo, mídia participativa e ação coletiva – e como a Wikipedia é na verdade um fruto natural do instinto humano de trabalhar em grupo.»

“Pensar duas vezes sobre o nosso uso dos media digitais, o que nos estão as nossas práticas a fazer e o que estamos a fazer uns aos outros, é uma das prioridades mais importantes que as pessoas têm hoje.” — Howard Rheingold

Há imensas vozes a falarem sobre as redes sociais hoje, mas Howard Rheingold definiu o campo antes de ele ter existido. Um notado autor e comentador, Rheingold provou previsão exacta tecnológica e social, duas décadas além em colunas, bestsellers e pioneiro em empreendimentos online. A sua ultima investigação e livro foca-se na alfabetização do século 21, como indivíduos e organizações aprendem a usar os media digitais efectiva e credivelmente. Ele cunhou o termo “comunidade virtual” em 1987

Uma autoridade reconhecida sobre o casamento do telemóvel, PC e internet sem fios, a obra passada de Rheingold revela como esta convergência mudou a maneira como nos encontramos, acasalamos, nos entretemos e conduzimos negócios. O seu livro Smart Mobs (Máfias Espertas), foi nomeado um dos livros Big Ideas de 2002 pelo The New York Times, conta as novas formas de acção colectiva e cooperação que foram tornadas possíveis pelas comunicações móveis, computação persuasiva e a Internet.

Rheingold é o receptor de uma Concessão da MacArthur Knowledge-Networking de 2008 pela Fundação de Media Digitais e Aprendizagem Competitiva. Ele foi o Editor Executivo fundador da Hotwired, a primeira webzine comercial onde o forum de discussão web e os banners online foram inventados. Rheingold apareceu na Today, Good Morning America, ABC Primetime Live, CNN, CBS News, NBC News, Macneill-Lehrer Report, NPRs Fresh Air e Marketplace. Ele presentemente lecciona na Universidade de Stanford.

Para saber mais sobre Howard, por favor visite o seu web site nahttp://www.rheingold.com.

O que é Poluição?

Partilhado para fins educativos/informativos. | Shared for mere informative/educational ends.

Influência do Meio Sobre o Homem Moderno #3

Por Micah White, visite http://thoughtbubble.org/ | junkthought.org ehttp://marshallmcluhanspeaks.com/ para mais informações sobre ecologia dos media, bem como a obra de Michael Wesch e Neil Postman